Thermal power plants pollution assessment based on deep neural networks, remote sensing, and GIS: A real case study in Iran

Mar Pollut Bull. 2023 Jul:192:115069. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2023.115069. Epub 2023 May 30.


To investigate the impact of the Bandar Abbas thermal power plant on the waters of the Persian Gulf coast, a combination of satellite images and ground data was utilized to determine the Sea Surface Temperature (SST) as a thermal index, Total Organic Carbon (TOC) and Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) as biological indices. Additionally, measurements of SO2, O3, NO2, CO2, CO, and CH4 values in the atmosphere were taken to determine the plant's impact on air pollution. Temperature values of the water for different months were predicted using Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM), Support Vector Regression (SVR), and Cascade neural networks. The results indicate that the waters near thermal power plants exhibit the highest temperatures in July and September, with temperatures reaching approximately 50 °C. Furthermore, the SST values were found to be strongly correlated with ecological indices. The Multiple Linear Regression (MLR) analysis revealed a strong correlation between the temperature and TOC, COD, and O2 in water (RTOC2=0.98), [Formula: see text] , RCOD2=0.87 and O3, NO3, CO2, and CO in the air ( [Formula: see text] ). Finally, the results demonstrate that the LSTM method exhibited high accuracy in predicting the water temperature (R2 = 0.98).

Keywords: Air pollution; Bandar Abbas thermal power plant; Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM); Oxygen levels; Remote sensing; Thermal pollution.

MeSH terms

  • Air Pollutants* / analysis
  • Air Pollution* / analysis
  • Carbon Dioxide / analysis
  • Environmental Monitoring / methods
  • Geographic Information Systems
  • Iran
  • Neural Networks, Computer
  • Power Plants
  • Remote Sensing Technology
  • Water / analysis


  • Carbon Dioxide
  • Water
  • Air Pollutants