ALL-RIC trial protocol: a comparison of reduced dose total body irradiation (TBI) and cyclophosphamide with fludarabine and melphalan reduced intensity conditioning in adults with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) in complete remission

BMJ Open. 2023 Jun 1;13(6):e067790. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2022-067790.


Introduction: The usage of a T-cell depleted, reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) approach to haematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) in adult patients with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) over 40 years of age and in first complete remission (CR) has resulted in encouraging rates of event-free and overall survival in a population of adults with high risk disease. However, relapse rates remain high-with disease progression being the major cause of treatment failure. Using different, more powerful conditioning approaches is the logical next step in examining the role of RIC allogeneic HCT in adult ALL.

Methods and analysis: The ALL-RIC trial is a two-arm, phase II, multicentre, randomised clinical trial in adult patients with ALL in first or second CR, who are undergoing allogeneic HCT. Comparison of a novel RIC transplant conditioning regimen using reduced-dose total body irradiation (TBI), cyclophosphamide and alemtuzumab, is made against a standardised RIC approach using fludarabine, melphalan and alemtuzumab. The primary outcome of the study is disease-free survival at 3 years, defined as time from randomisation to the first of either relapse or death from any cause. Patients who are still alive and progression-free at the end of the trial will be censored at their last date known to be alive. Secondary outcomes include overall survival and non-relapse mortality.

Ethics and dissemination: The protocol was approved by the East Midlands-Leicester Central Research Ethics committee (18/EM/0112). Initial approval was received on 12 June 2018. Current protocol version (V.6.0) approval obtained on 18 November 2019. The Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) also approved all protocol versions. The results of this trial will be disseminated through national and international presentations and peer-reviewed publications.

Trial registration number: EudraCT Number: 2017-004800-23.ISRCTN99927695.

Keywords: Bone marrow transplantation; Leukaemia; Transplant medicine.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial Protocol
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Adult
  • Alemtuzumab
  • Clinical Trials, Phase II as Topic
  • Cyclophosphamide / therapeutic use
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation* / methods
  • Humans
  • Melphalan / therapeutic use
  • Middle Aged
  • Multicenter Studies as Topic
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / drug therapy
  • Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma* / drug therapy
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
  • Whole-Body Irradiation / methods


  • Melphalan
  • Alemtuzumab
  • fludarabine
  • Cyclophosphamide