Preclinical Characterization and Phase I Trial Results of INBRX-109, A Third-Generation, Recombinant, Humanized, Death Receptor 5 Agonist Antibody, in Chondrosarcoma

Clin Cancer Res. 2023 Aug 15;29(16):2988-3003. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-23-0974.


Purpose: Patients with unresectable/metastatic chondrosarcoma have poor prognoses; conventional chondrosarcoma is associated with a median progression-free survival (PFS) of <4 months after first-line chemotherapy. No standard targeted therapies are available. We present the preclinical characterization of INBRX-109, a third-generation death receptor 5 (DR5) agonist, and clinical findings from a phase I trial of INBRX-109 in unresectable/metastatic chondrosarcoma (NCT03715933).

Patients and methods: INBRX-109 was first characterized preclinically as a DR5 agonist, with binding specificity and hepatotoxicity evaluated in vitro and antitumor activity evaluated both in vitro and in vivo. INBRX-109 (3 mg/kg every 3 weeks) was then evaluated in a phase I study of solid tumors, which included a cohort with any subtype of chondrosarcoma and a cohort with IDH1/IDH2-mutant conventional chondrosarcoma. The primary endpoint was safety. Efficacy was an exploratory endpoint, with measures including objective response, disease control rate, and PFS.

Results: In preclinical studies, INBRX-109 led to antitumor activity in vitro and in patient-derived xenograft models, with minimal hepatotoxicity. In the phase I study, INBRX-109 was well tolerated and demonstrated antitumor activity in unresectable/metastatic chondrosarcoma. INBRX-109 led to a disease control rate of 87.1% [27/31; durable clinical benefit, 40.7% (11/27)], including two partial responses, and median PFS of 7.6 months. Most treatment-related adverse events, including liver-related events, were low grade (grade ≥3 events in chondrosarcoma cohorts, 5.7%).

Conclusions: INBRX-109 demonstrated encouraging antitumor activity with a favorable safety profile in patients with unresectable/metastatic chondrosarcoma. A randomized, placebo-controlled, phase II trial (ChonDRAgon, NCT04950075) will further evaluate INBRX-109 in conventional chondrosarcoma.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial, Phase I
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / therapeutic use
  • Bone Neoplasms* / drug therapy
  • Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury
  • Chondrosarcoma* / therapy
  • Humans
  • Receptors, TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand* / agonists
  • Receptors, TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand* / immunology


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Receptors, TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand

Associated data