[The antioxidant activity of citrus fruit peels]

Z Ernahrungswiss. 1986 Mar;25(1):63-9. doi: 10.1007/BF02023620.
[Article in German]


The antioxidant properties of freeze-dried citrus fruit peels (orange, lemon, grapefruit) and methanolic extracts from the peel were studied. Freeze-dried orange peel showed the highest, lemon peel somewhat less and grapefruit peel the lowest but still remarkable antioxidant activity. This could be significantly improved by preparing methanolic extracts of the peels. Comparative examinations and autoxidation studies with the flavanon glycosides hesperidin and naringin as well as with their aglycones hesperetin and naringenin showed that the former are mainly responsible for the antioxidative activity of the citrus peel and extracts. In order to compare their antioxidative activity with that of the commercially available natural antioxidants alpha-tocopherol and ascorbylpalmitate, the freeze-dried citrus peels and their methanolic extracts should be used in higher concentrations, in consideration of their peculiar properties and complex natural composition. Furthermore, aspects of the correlation between antioxidant activity and molecular structure of the flavanones were discussed.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Antioxidants*
  • Ascorbic Acid / analogs & derivatives
  • Ascorbic Acid / metabolism
  • Citrus*
  • Flavanones*
  • Flavonoids / metabolism*
  • Freeze Drying
  • Hesperidin / metabolism
  • Vitamin E / metabolism


  • Antioxidants
  • Flavanones
  • Flavonoids
  • Vitamin E
  • Hesperidin
  • naringenin
  • naringin
  • Ascorbic Acid
  • hesperetin
  • 6-O-palmitoylascorbic acid