Do ethnic chinese older adults with epithelial ovarian cancer survive a poorer prognosis?

J Ovarian Res. 2023 Jun 6;16(1):110. doi: 10.1186/s13048-023-01177-3.


Background: The risk of suffering epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) for women increases with age evidently, while the prognosis of older EOC patients remain unclear. Against the backdrop of the accelerate aging process in China, this paper investigates whether the older EOC patients have a lower overall survival probability than the younger patients based on the sample of ethnic Chinese population.

Methods: A total of 323 ethnic Chinese patients diagnosed as epithelial ovarian cancer were extracted from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. We compared the overall survival probability between the younger group (< 70 years) and the older patients group (≥ 70 years). Survival curves were drawn using the Kaplan-Meier method, comparisons among different subgroups were evaluated using log-rank tests, and independent prognostic factors were identified by univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses.

Results: 43 patients were (13.3%) in the older patients group and 280 (86.7%) in the younger group. The distribution patterns between two groups were significantly different with regard to marital status, histologic type and FIGO stage. The median overall survival (OS) was significantly longer in the younger group than the older patients group (not reached vs. median 39 months, p < 0.05). The multivariate analysis demonstrated that the age (The older vs. the younger, HR: 1.967, P = 0.007), primary tumor laterality (HR: 1.849, P = 0.009), and FIGO stage (III vs. I, HR: 3.588, P = 0.001; and IV vs. I, HR: 4.382, P = 0.001; respectively) remained as important risk factors while Histology (HGSOC vs. CCOC, HR: 0.479, P = 0.025; and LGSOC/MOC/EC vs. CCOC, HR: 0.390, P = 0.034; respectively) and the number of lymph node dissected more than 10 was a protective factor (HR: 0.397, P = 0.008). In an analysis of 104 pairs of patients matched on the basis of the propensity score, the older patients group had significantly lower overall mortality (HR = 2.561, P = 0.002).

Conclusion: Ethnic Chinese Older EOC patients have a worse prognosis than the younger patients.

Keywords: Age; Chinese; Epithelial ovarian cancer; Ethnic chinese; Older; Overall survival; SEER.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial / pathology
  • East Asian People
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lymph Nodes / pathology
  • Ovarian Neoplasms* / pathology
  • Prognosis