Stability of intravenous admixtures of aztreonam and cefoxitin, gentamicin, metronidazole, or tobramycin

Am J Hosp Pharm. 1986 Jun;43(6):1444-53.

Abstract

The stability of aztreonam and cefoxitin, gentamicin, metronidazole, or tobramycin in intravenous admixtures containing aztreonam and one of the other drugs was studied. Admixtures of aztreonam and gentamicin, aztreonam and tobramycin, and aztreonam and cefoxitin were each prepared in four different concentrations in both 0.9% sodium chloride injection and 5% dextrose injection. Admixtures of aztreonam and metronidazole were prepared in two different concentrations using a commercially available solution of metronidazole 5 mg/mL in a phosphate-citrate buffer. One of each of these admixtures was stored at 25 degrees C for 48 hours and at 4 degrees C for seven days. At various storage times, 1-mL samples of the admixtures were tested for pH and assayed using high-performance liquid chromatography or fluorescence polarization immunoassay. The pH of all admixtures except admixtures of aztreonam and cefoxitin decreased only slightly during storage. Concentrations of aztreonam and tobramycin under both storage conditions decreased by less than 10%. Concentrations of cefoxitin and aztreonam decreased by more than 10% at 25 degrees C, and concentrations of gentamicin decreased by more than 10% under both storage conditions. Visual inspection of admixtures of aztreonam and metronidazole revealed an incompatibility between the two drugs, as evidenced by the appearance of a cherry-red color. Admixtures of aztreonam 10 and 20 mg/mL and tobramycin 0.2 and 0.8 mg/mL in 5% dextrose injection or 0.9% sodium chloride injection are stable for 48 hours at 25 degrees C or seven days at 4 degrees C. Admixtures of aztreonam 10 and 20 mg/mL and gentamicin 0.2 and 0.8 mg/mL in 5% dextrose injection or 0.9% sodium chloride injection are stable for eight hours at 25 degrees C and 24 hours at 4 degrees C. Admixtures of aztreonam 10 and 20 mg/mL and cefoxitin 10 and 20 mg/mL in 5% dextrose injection or 0.9% sodium chloride injection are stable for 12 hours at 25 degrees C and seven days at 4 degrees C. Aztreonam and metronidazole should be administered separately.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aztreonam / analysis*
  • Cefoxitin / analysis*
  • Drug Combinations
  • Drug Stability
  • Drug Storage
  • Gentamicins / analysis*
  • Glucose / analysis
  • Metronidazole / analysis*
  • Sodium Chloride / analysis
  • Tobramycin / analysis*

Substances

  • Drug Combinations
  • Gentamicins
  • Metronidazole
  • Sodium Chloride
  • Cefoxitin
  • Aztreonam
  • Glucose
  • Tobramycin