Heart-derived collagen promotes maturation of engineered heart tissue

Biomaterials. 2023 Aug:299:122174. doi: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2023.122174. Epub 2023 May 29.


Although the extracellular matrix (ECM) plays essential roles in heart tissue engineering, the optimal ECM components for heart tissue organization have not previously been elucidated. Here, we focused on the main ECM component, fibrillar collagen, and analyzed the effects of collagens on heart tissue engineering, by comparing the use of porcine heart-derived collagen and other organ-derived collagens in generating engineered heart tissue (EHT). We demonstrate that heart-derived collagen induces better contraction and relaxation of human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived EHT (hiPSC-EHT) and that hiPSC-EHT with heart-derived collagen exhibit more mature profiles than those with collagens from other organs. Further, we found that collagen fibril formation and gel stiffness influence the contraction, relaxation, and maturation of hiPSC-EHT, suggesting the importance of collagen types III and type V, which are relatively abundant in the heart. Thus, we demonstrate the effectiveness of organ-specific collagens in tissue engineering and drug discovery.

Keywords: Collagen; Engineered heart tissue; Extracellular matrix; Human induced pluripotent stem cells; Tissue engineering.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Collagen / pharmacology
  • Extracellular Matrix
  • Humans
  • Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells*
  • Myocytes, Cardiac
  • Swine
  • Tissue Engineering*


  • Collagen