A multi-institutional retrospective pooled outcome analysis of molecularly annotated pediatric supratentorial ZFTA- fused ependymoma

Neurooncol Adv. 2023 May 12;5(1):vdad057. doi: 10.1093/noajnl/vdad057. eCollection 2023 Jan-Dec.


Background: ZFTA-RELA (formerly known as c11orf-RELA) fused supratentorial ependymoma (ZFTAfus ST-EPN) has been recognized as a novel entity in the 2016 WHO classification of CNS tumors and further defined in the recent 2021 edition. ZFTAfus ST-EPN was reported to portend poorer prognosis when compared to its counterpart, YAP1 ST-EPN in some previously published series. The aim of this study was to determine the treatment outcome of molecularly confirmed and conventionally treated ZFTAfus ST-EPN patients treated in multiple institutions.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of all pediatric patients with molecularly confirmed ZFTAfus ST-EPN patients treated in multiple institutions in 5 different countries (Australia, Canada, Germany, Switzerland, and Czechia). Survival outcomes were analyzed and correlated with clinical characteristics and treatment approaches.

Results: A total of 108 patients were collated from multiple institutions in 5 different countries across three continents. We found across the entire cohort that the 5- and 10-year PFS were 65% and 63%, respectively. The 5- and 10-year OS of this cohort of patients were 87% and 73%. The rates of gross total resection (GTR) were high with 84 out of 108 (77.8%) patients achieving GTR. The vast majority of patients also received post-operative radiotherapy, 98 out of 108 (90.7%). Chemotherapy did not appear to provide any survival benefit in our patient cohort.

Conclusion: This is the largest study to date of contemporaneously treated molecularly confirmed ZFTAfus ST-EPN patients which identified markedly improved survival outcomes compared to previously published series. This study also re-emphasizes the importance of maximal surgical resection in achieving optimal outcomes in pediatric patients with supratentorial ependymoma.

Keywords: ZFTA-RELA; central nervous system tumors; molecular; pediatric; supratentorial ependymoma.