The histone methyltransferase NSD3 contributes to sister chromatid cohesion and to cohesin loading at mitotic exit

J Cell Sci. 2023 Jun 1;136(11):jcs261014. doi: 10.1242/jcs.261014. Epub 2023 Jun 8.


Sister chromatid cohesion is a multi-step process implemented throughout the cell cycle to ensure the correct transmission of chromosomes to daughter cells. Although cohesion establishment and mitotic cohesion dissolution have been extensively explored, the regulation of cohesin loading is still poorly understood. Here, we report that the methyltransferase NSD3 is essential for mitotic sister chromatid cohesion before mitosis entry. NSD3 interacts with the cohesin loader complex kollerin (composed of NIPBL and MAU2) and promotes the chromatin recruitment of MAU2 and cohesin at mitotic exit. We also show that NSD3 associates with chromatin in early anaphase, prior to the recruitment of MAU2 and RAD21, and dissociates from chromatin when prophase begins. Among the two NSD3 isoforms present in somatic cells, the long isoform is responsible for regulating kollerin and cohesin chromatin-loading, and its methyltransferase activity is required for efficient sister chromatid cohesion. Based on these observations, we propose that NSD3-dependent methylation contributes to sister chromatid cohesion by ensuring proper kollerin recruitment and thus cohesin loading.

Keywords: Cohesin; MAU2; Methylation; Mitosis; NIPBL; NSD3.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cell Cycle Proteins* / metabolism
  • Chromatids* / genetics
  • Chromatids* / metabolism
  • Chromatin
  • Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone / genetics
  • Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone / metabolism
  • Cohesins
  • Histone Methyltransferases* / metabolism


  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Chromatin
  • Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone
  • Histone Methyltransferases