Intraoperative Fractures Sustained During Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Critical Analysis Review

JBJS Rev. 2023 Jun 8;11(6). doi: 10.2106/JBJS.RVW.23.00010. eCollection 2023 Jun 1.


» While the occurrence of postoperative periprosthetic fractures around total knee arthroplasties (TKAs) are well reported, little is known about intraoperative fractures that occur during TKA. Intraoperative fractures during TKA can occur in femur, tibia, or patella. It is a rare complication with an incidence of 0.2% to 4.4%.» Risk factors of periprosthetic fractures include osteoporosis, anterior cortical notching, chronic corticosteroid use, advanced age, female sex, neurologic disorders, and surgical technique.» Fractures can potentially occur at any stage of the TKA including exposure, bone preparation, placement of trial components, cementation, insertion of the final components, and seating of the polyethylene insert. Forced flexion during trialing increases the risk for patella fracture, tibial plateau, or tubercle fractures especially when there is under resection of the bone.» Management guidelines for these fractures are lacking with current options being observation, internal fixation, the use of stems and augments, increasing constraint of the prosthesis, implant revision, and modifying the postoperative rehabilitation.» Finally, the outcomes of intraoperative fractures are not well reported in the literature.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee* / adverse effects
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee* / methods
  • Female
  • Femur / surgery
  • Fracture Fixation, Internal / adverse effects
  • Fracture Fixation, Internal / methods
  • Humans
  • Periprosthetic Fractures* / etiology
  • Risk Factors