Platinum(IV) Carbonato Complexes: Formation via the Addition of CO2 to the [Pt(OH)6]2- Anion and Generation of Platinum(IV) Oxide Nanoparticles for the Preparation of Catalysts

Inorg Chem. 2023 Jun 19;62(24):9732-9748. doi: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.3c01320. Epub 2023 Jun 8.

Abstract

A combination of multinuclear nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and theoretical calculation based on density functional theory was used for a speciation study of Pt in solutions prepared either by the interaction of [Pt(OH)6]2- with gaseous CO2 in an alkaline solution of platinum(IV) hydroxide ([Pt(OH)4(H2O)2]) or by the dissolution of [Pt(OH)4(H2O)2] in an aqueous KHCO3 solution. The formed solutions contained coexisting Pt(IV) carbonato complexes with κ1- and κ2-coordination modes. The gradual condensation of mononuclear Pt species in such bicarbonate solutions resulted in the formation of PtO2 nanoparticles aggregating into a solid precipitate on prolonged aging. The deposition of PtO2 particles from bicarbonate solutions was adapted for the preparation of Pt-containing heterogeneous catalysts: bimetallic Pt-Ni catalysts were prepared using various supporting materials (CeO2, SiO2, and g-C3N4) and tested for the activity in hydrazine-hydrate decomposition. All prepared materials showed high selectivity with respect to H2 production from the hydrazine-hydrate with PtNi/CeO2 showing the highest rate of H2 evolution. In the long-range evaluation, the PtNi/CeO2 catalyst operating at 50 °C showed an exceptional turnover number value of 4600 producing hydrogen at a 97% selectivity level and with a mean turnover frequency value of about 470 h-1. In the case of the PtNi/g-C3N4 catalyst, for the first time, the photodriven decomposition of hydrazine-hydrate was shown to enhance the productivity of the catalyst by 40%.