Exploring the multifunctional roles of quantum dots for unlocking the future of biology and medicine

Environ Res. 2023 Sep 1:232:116290. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2023.116290. Epub 2023 Jun 7.


With recent advancements in nanomedicines and their associated research with biological fields, their translation into clinically-applicable products is still below promises. Quantum dots (QDs) have received immense research attention and investment in the four decades since their discovery. We explored the extensive biomedical applications of QDs, viz. Bio-imaging, drug research, drug delivery, immune assays, biosensors, gene therapy, diagnostics, their toxic effects, and bio-compatibility. We unravelled the possibility of using emerging data-driven methodologies (bigdata, artificial intelligence, machine learning, high-throughput experimentation, computational automation) as excellent sources for time, space, and complexity optimization. We also discussed ongoing clinical trials, related challenges, and the technical aspects that should be considered to improve the clinical fate of QDs and promising future research directions.

Keywords: Artificial intelligence; Bigdata; Biomedical applications; Drug delivery; High-throughput experimentation; Machine learning; Nanoparticles; Quantum dots; Toxicity.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Biology
  • Drug Delivery Systems / methods
  • Pharmaceutical Preparations
  • Quantum Dots* / therapeutic use
  • Quantum Dots* / toxicity


  • Pharmaceutical Preparations