Telemedicine Evaluation of Hip Ailments

Cureus. 2023 May 11;15(5):e38900. doi: 10.7759/cureus.38900. eCollection 2023 May.


Background During the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, telemedicine has provided new means of patient care while still allowing for physical examination and history to be obtained. Hip ailments are a common musculoskeletal problem leading to limited function. Today, we lack a standardized telemedicine hip evaluation protocol. Aim The aim of this manuscript is to provide an efficient means of extracting relevant information while performing telemedicine examinations of the hip. Methods The authors have created a step-by-step evaluation guide for physicians to evaluate hip complaints, including inspection, palpation, range of motion, strength testing, functional assessment, gait analysis, and special testing, with images of each maneuver. Results We have developed a table of evaluation questions and instructions and a glossary of images of each maneuver to facilitate hip examination via telemedicine. Conclusions This manuscript provides a structured template for performing a telehealth examination of hip ailments.

Keywords: functional exam; hip; orthopedic exam; telehealth; virtual encounter.