A Rare Case of Intraosseous Papillary Hemangioma of the Head and Neck

Int J Surg Pathol. 2024 Apr;32(2):418-421. doi: 10.1177/10668969231180282. Epub 2023 Jun 12.

Abstract

Papillary hemangioma is a novel variant of intravascular hemangioma. It is more common in adults and has a male predominance. Most tumors reported so far are solitary and cutaneous. Here we present a rare case of an intraosseous papillary hemangioma involving the frontal bone. Brain imaging in a 69-year-old man with a slowly enlarging swelling on the right frontal area following an accidental fall demonstrated a 4.5 cm × 1.7 cm × 4.2 cm mass originating from the right frontal bone, with a tiny defect on the orbital roof. A malignant process was favored, and the mass was removed. Histopathology revealed a vascular lesion showing intraosseous distribution with foci of extension into the fibrous connective tissue. There were areas of plump endothelial cells with intracytoplasmic hyaline globules arranged in papillary configuration. The lesional cells were immunoreactive with CD34. AE1/AE3, EMA, PR, D2-40, inhibin, and S100 stains were negative. Ki-67 was low. This is the first intraosseous and second noncutaneous papillary hemangioma. Clinically it differs from other cases by the presence of trauma as a preceding event. Since its prognosis is unknown such patients should be monitored for recurrence or malignant transformation.

Keywords: glomeruloid hemangioma; hemangioma; intraosseous hemangioma; non-cutaneous hemangioma; papillary hemangioma.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Endothelial Cells
  • Head
  • Hemangioma* / diagnosis
  • Hemangioma* / surgery
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Neck
  • Vascular Neoplasms*