Effects of green tea polyphenols against metal-induced genotoxic damage: underlying mechanistic pathways

J Toxicol Environ Health B Crit Rev. 2023 Oct 3;26(7):371-386. doi: 10.1080/10937404.2023.2224119. Epub 2023 Jun 12.


This review is based upon evidence from the published effects of green tea polyphenols (GTP) on genotoxic damage induced by metals with carcinogenic potential. First, the relationship between GTP and antioxidant defense system is provided. Subsequently, the processes involved in the oxidative stress generated by metals and their relationship to oxidative DNA damage is examined. The review demonstrated that GTP generally decrease oxidative DNA damage induced by exposure to metals such as arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), cobalt (Co), copper (Cu), chromium (Cr), iron (Fe), and lead (Pb). The pathways involved in these effects are related to: (1) direct scavenging of free radicals (FR); (2) activation of mechanisms to repair oxidative DNA damage; (3) regulation of the endogenous antioxidant system; and (4) elimination of cells with genetic damage via apoptosis. The results obtained in the studies reviewed demonstrate potential for possible use of GTP to prevent and treat oxidative damage in populations exposed to metals. Further, GTP may be considered as adjuvants to treatments for metal-associated diseases related to oxidative stress and DNA damage.

Keywords: DNA damage; antigenotoxic; green tea polyphenols; metals; oxidative stress.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Antioxidants* / pharmacology
  • DNA Damage
  • Guanosine Triphosphate / metabolism
  • Guanosine Triphosphate / pharmacology
  • Metals / toxicity
  • Oxidative Stress*
  • Polyphenols / pharmacology
  • Tea


  • Antioxidants
  • Metals
  • Polyphenols
  • Tea
  • Guanosine Triphosphate