Managing patients with sex-, race-, or ethnicity-based cardiovascular health inequities

JAAPA. 2023 Jul 1;36(7):16-24. doi: 10.1097/01.JAA.0000937264.73482.83.


Cardiovascular health inequities are experienced among cisgender women, gender minorities, Black and Indigenous people, and people with lower socioeconomic status. Early identification and treatment of patients at risk for disparate and adverse cardiac health outcomes are essential.

MeSH terms

  • Ethnicity*
  • Female
  • Health Inequities
  • Humans
  • Mediastinum
  • Risk Assessment
  • Sexual and Gender Minorities*