Efficacy and safety of isatuximab plus bortezomib, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma ineligible/with no immediate intent for autologous stem cell transplantation

Leukemia. 2023 Jul;37(7):1521-1529. doi: 10.1038/s41375-023-01936-7. Epub 2023 Jun 14.


Patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM) ineligible for autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) have lower survival rates and may benefit from frontline regimens that include novel agents. This Phase 1b study (NCT02513186) evaluated preliminary efficacy, safety, and pharmacokinetics (PK) of isatuximab, an anti-CD38 monoclonal antibody, combined with bortezomib-lenalidomide-dexamethasone (Isa-VRd) in patients with NDMM ineligible for/with no intent for immediate ASCT. Overall, 73 patients received four 6-week induction cycles of Isa-VRd, then maintenance with Isa-Rd in 4-week cycles. In the efficacy population (n = 71), the overall response rate was 98.6%, with 56.3% achieving a complete response or better (sCR/CR), and 36/71 (50.7%) patients reaching minimal residual disease negativity (10-5 sensitivity). Grade ≥3 treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) occurred in 79.5% (58/73) of patients but TEAEs leading to permanent study treatment discontinuation were reported in 14 (19.2%) patients. Isatuximab PK parameters were within the previously reported range, suggesting that VRd does not alter the PK of isatuximab. These data support additional studies of isatuximab in NDMM, such as the Phase 3 IMROZ study (Isa-VRd vs VRd).

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial, Phase I
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / adverse effects
  • Bortezomib / therapeutic use
  • Dexamethasone / therapeutic use
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation*
  • Humans
  • Lenalidomide / therapeutic use
  • Multiple Myeloma* / diagnosis
  • Multiple Myeloma* / drug therapy
  • Transplantation, Autologous


  • Lenalidomide
  • Bortezomib
  • isatuximab
  • Dexamethasone

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT02513186