Twelve tips for practical clinical skills coaching

Med Teach. 2023 Dec;45(12):1357-1363. doi: 10.1080/0142159X.2023.2220895. Epub 2023 Jun 15.


Coaching is rapidly evolving in clinical medicine, including for clinical skills (CS) learning. Yet a schema is needed for how to coach students in the many CS that are pivotal to the practice of medicine. These twelve tips aim to provide practical strategies for teachers and educators to coach students for CS learning. The tips cover many important aspects of CS coaching, including establishing a safe space, ways to prepare to coach, setting goals, guiding a coaching relationship, fostering coaching conversations, and in-person or virtual approaches. Together, the tips align as seven key steps of an overall coaching process. The twelve tips apply equally to coaching struggling students and all students seeking to improve CS and offer a guide for coaching at an individual or program level.

Keywords: Clinical; clinical skills; learning outcomes; phase of education; teaching & learning; undergraduate.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Clinical Competence
  • Humans
  • Learning
  • Medicine*
  • Mentoring*