Cerebral venous disorders: Diagnosis and endovascular management

J Neuroradiol. 2023 Nov;50(6):581-592. doi: 10.1016/j.neurad.2023.06.002. Epub 2023 Jun 16.


The role of the venous circulation in neurological diseases has been underestimated. In this review, we present an overview of the intracranial venous anatomy, venous disorders of the central nervous system, and options for endovascular management. We discuss the role the venous circulation plays in various neurological diseases including cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) disorders (intracranial hypertension and intracranial hypotension), arteriovenous diseases, and pulsatile tinnitus. We also shed light on emergent cerebral venous interventions including transvenous brain-computer interface implantation, transvenous treatment of communicating hydrocephalus, and the endovascular treatment of CSF-venous disorders.

Keywords: Endovascular Management; Venous anatomy; Venous sinuses; Venous stenosis; Venous thrombosis.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cerebral Angiography
  • Endovascular Procedures*
  • Humans
  • Intracranial Hypertension*