Aim-: In this study, we present a broad presentation of the current state of cerebral vasospasm, including its pathogenesis, commonly used treatments, and future outlook.
Methods-: A literature review was conducted for cerebral vasospasms using the PubMed journal database (https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov). Relevant journal articles were narrowed down and selected using the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) option in PubMed.
Results-: Cerebral vasospasm is the persistent narrowing of cerebral arteries days after experiencing a subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Eventually, if not corrected, this can lead to cerebral ischemia with significant neurological deficits and/or death. Therefore, it is clinically beneficial to diminish or prevent the occurrence or reoccurrence of vasospasm in patients following a SAH to prevent unwanted comorbidities or fatalities. We discuss the pathogenesis and mechanism of development that have been implicated in the progression of vasospasms as well as the manner in which clinical outcomes are quantitively measured. Further, we mention and highlight commonly used treatments to inhibit and reverse the course of vasoconstriction within the cerebral arteries. Additionally, we mention innovations and techniques that are being used to treat vasospasms and the outlook of their therapeutic value.
Conclusion-: Overall, we give a comprehensive summary of the disease that encapsulates cerebral vasospasm and the current and future standards of care that are used to treat it.
Keywords: subarachnoid hemorrhage; transcranial doppler; treatment; vasospasm.