Sexual dimorphism in the human corpus callosum: an extension and replication study

Hum Neurobiol. 1986;5(2):87-91.


Using a new sample of 16 human brains (F = 8, M = 8), it was found that the splenial portion of the corpus callosum was larger and more bulbous in females than in males. In addition, the total area of the corpus callosum was both absolutely and relatively larger in females than in males, with the relative measurements (i.e., to brain weight) differing significantly. This was also true when using exponential values of brain weight commensurate with the areas and linear distances of the corpus callosum. These results, which replicate the findings of earlier work, were found by the two authors using different methods, and working independently of each other. We believe these findings provide a partial anatomical basis for purported gender differences in cognitive task behaviour, and are related to early gonadal steroidal influences during prenatal development.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aging
  • Birth Weight
  • Black People
  • Corpus Callosum / anatomy & histology
  • Corpus Callosum / physiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Organ Size
  • Sex Characteristics*
  • White People