The Effects of Yoga and Stabilization Exercises in Patients With Chronic Low Back Pain: A Randomized Crossover Study

Holist Nurs Pract. 2023 Jul-Aug;37(4):E59-E68. doi: 10.1097/HNP.0000000000000593.


This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of yoga and stabilization exercises in patients with chronic low back pain. Thirty-five female patients were randomly assigned to the stabilization exercise group or the yoga group. Outcome measures were the visual analog scale (VAS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and Back Performance Scale (BPS), 6-minute walk test (6MWT), Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (FABQ), and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). The scores of the VAS, ODI, BPS, 6MWT, and PSQI improved significantly after both interventions (P < .05). Improvements in the stabilization program were higher on the transversus abdominis activation (P < .05). Both interventions had no effect on kinesiophobia (P > .05). Both exercise approaches were found to be similarly effective on pain, function, metabolic capacity, and sleep quality.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Chronic Pain* / therapy
  • Cross-Over Studies
  • Exercise Therapy
  • Fear
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Low Back Pain* / therapy
  • Yoga*