ATP regulation of the human red cell sugar transporter

J Biol Chem. 1986 Aug 25;261(24):11028-37.


Purified human red blood cell sugar transport protein intrinsic tryptophan fluorescence is quenched by D-glucose and 4,6-ethylidene glucose (sugars that bind to the transport), phloretin and cytochalasin B (transport inhibitors), and ATP. Cytochalasin B-induced quenching is a simple saturable phenomenon with Kd app of 0.15 microM and maximum capacity of 0.85 cytochalasin B binding sites per transporter. Sugar-induced quenching consists of two saturable components characterized by low and high Kd app binding parameters. These binding sites appear to correspond to influx and efflux transport sites, respectively, and coexist within the transporter molecule. ATP-induced quenching is also a simple saturable process with Kd app of 50 microM. Indirect estimates suggest that the ratio of ATP-binding sites per transporter is 0.87:1. ATP reduces the low Kd app and increases the high Kd app for sugar-induced fluorescence quenching. This effect is half-maximal at 45 microM ATP. ATP produces a 4-fold reduction in Km and 2.4-fold reduction in Vmax for cytochalasin B-inhibitable D-glucose efflux from inside-out red cell membrane vesicles (IOVs). This effect on transport is half-maximal at 45 microM ATP. AMP, ADP, alpha, beta-methyleneadenosine 5'-triphosphate, and beta, gamma-methyleneadenosine 5'-triphosphate at 1 mM are without effect on efflux of D-glucose from IOVs. ATP modulation of Km for D-glucose efflux from IOVs is immediate in onset and recovery. ATP inhibition of Vmax for D-glucose exit is complete within 5-15 min and is only partly reversed following 30-min incubation in ATP-free medium. These findings suggest that the human red cell sugar transport protein contains a nucleotide-binding site(s) through which ATP modifies the catalytic properties of the transporter.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine Diphosphate / pharmacology
  • Adenosine Monophosphate / pharmacology
  • Adenosine Triphosphate / pharmacology*
  • Cytochalasin B / metabolism
  • Erythrocytes / drug effects
  • Erythrocytes / metabolism*
  • Glucose / pharmacology
  • Humans
  • Kinetics
  • Mathematics
  • Monosaccharide Transport Proteins / blood*
  • Phloretin / pharmacology


  • Monosaccharide Transport Proteins
  • Cytochalasin B
  • Adenosine Monophosphate
  • Adenosine Diphosphate
  • Adenosine Triphosphate
  • Glucose
  • Phloretin