Coenzyme Q10 Supplementation in Reducing Inflammation: An Umbrella Review

J Chiropr Med. 2023 Jun;22(2):131-137. doi: 10.1016/j.jcm.2022.07.001. Epub 2022 Aug 31.


Objective: The purpose of this study was to review meta-analyses on the effectiveness of coenzyme Q10 supplementation in reducing inflammation through changes in the inflammatory biomarkers C-reactive protein, interleukin 6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α).

Methods: An umbrella review of all published meta-analyses was performed. A PubMed search from January 1, 1980, to December 31, 2021, was conducted using the following search strategy: "(coenzyme q10 OR CoQ10 OR ubiquinone OR ubiquinol) AND (meta-analysis OR systematic review)". Only English language publications that provided quantitative statistical analysis on coenzyme Q10 supplementation and markers of inflammation were retrieved.

Results: Seven meta-analyses were retrieved for inclusion in this umbrella review, and for all 3 inflammatory biomarker marker groups, the median intake of supplemental coenzyme Q10 was 200 mg/d for a median duration of 12 weeks. For C-reactive protein, only 3 of the 7 meta-analyses presented with statistically significant reductions, while statistically significant reductions in IL-6 and TNF-α for were observed in 4 of the 5 meta-analyses and 3 of the 4 meta-analyses, respectively. However, statistically significant heterogeneity was observed in the majority of these meta-analyses.

Conclusion: The majority of included meta-analyses showed that coenzyme Q10 supplementation significantly decreased the proinflammatory cytokines IL-6 and TNF-α. However, heterogeneity was observed in the majority of these meta-analyses, and therefore the results should be interpreted with caution.

Keywords: Coenzyme Q10; Inflammation; Meta-Analysis.

Publication types

  • Review