Spontaneous Expulsive Suprachoroidal Hemorrhage

Am J Emerg Med. 2023 Aug:70:210.e1-210.e3. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2023.06.008. Epub 2023 Jun 8.


Background: Spontaneous Expulsive Suprachoroidal Hemorrhage (SESCH) is an extremely rare phenomenon that leads to atraumatic spontaneous globe rupture. Only a handful of SESCH cases have been reported worldwide, primarily in developing countries. Risk factors associated with SESCH include uncontrolled hypertension, previous eye surgery, glaucoma, atherosclerosis, advanced age, and corneal damage.

Case report: We report a case of expulsive suprachoroidal hemorrhage in a ninety-seven-year-old female. The patient presented to the emergency department with painful bleeding from her right eye. She denied any trauma or injury to the eye. She denied any use of anticoagulation. Physical examination showed a right ocular hematoma with mild active bleeding. She had exophthalmos and proptosis with extrusion of the ocular structures. A computed tomography scan of the orbits demonstrated right globe rupture with diffuse hemorrhage. Ophthalmology was consulted, and the patient subsequently had an evisceration of her right eye. WHY SHOULD AN EMERGENCY PHYSICIAN BE AWARE OF THIS?: Spontaneous expulsive choroidal hemorrhage is exceedingly rare. SESCH predominantly affects diseased eyes in the elderly. Early recognition of impending globe rupture in patients who present with suprachoroidal hemorrhage is necessary and requires prompt ophthalmology consultation. Emergency physicians must be aware that an atraumatic open globe can occur and requires immediate evaluation by an ophthalmologist and emergent repair in the operating suite.

Keywords: Cataract surgery; Elderly patient; Glaucoma; Hypertension; Spontaneous expulsive suprachoroidal hemorrhage; Spontaneous globe rupture.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Choroid Hemorrhage* / diagnosis
  • Choroid Hemorrhage* / etiology
  • Choroid Hemorrhage* / surgery
  • Eye
  • Female
  • Glaucoma*
  • Humans
  • Hypertension* / complications
  • Risk Factors