A survey on preferences, attitudes, and perspectives of Italian urology trainees: implications of the novel national residency matching program

Minerva Urol Nephrol. 2023 Dec;75(6):718-728. doi: 10.23736/S2724-6051.23.05257-6. Epub 2023 Jun 23.


Background: Since 2014, a new residency program selection process has been established with a national examination. The aim of this study was to assess characteristics, career goals, and practice preferences of current Italian urology residents.

Methods: A web-based survey of 25 items performed from May 2021 to September 2021 was sent to 585 Italian urology residents. Descriptive analyses were conducted to describe the surveys' domains: demographics characteristics, studies, plans for fellowship training, interest in the urology field, and career expectations.

Results: Four hundred and one residents completed the online survey (response rate 68.5%). Most residents were male (70.3%), with a median of 29 (IQR 28-31) years. Urology was the first chosen School in 325 (81.0%) cases, and 174 (43.4%) trainees have chosen to remain in the same University. Uro-oncology was the main field, and endourology the main subspeciality of interest, respectively. More than 40.0% of residents expressed a good level of satisfaction for the training urological course. 232 (57.2%) residents were strongly interested in seeking a hospital career, followed by private career (43.4%) and academic career (20%).

Conclusions: After the introduction of the novel national residency matching program the Italian Urology trainees showed a good satisfaction level. Further improvements of the Italian residency programs should be focused on the training network within and outside the main School of Urology.

MeSH terms

  • Attitude
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Internship and Residency*
  • Italy
  • Male
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Urology* / education