Novel insight into functions of ascorbate peroxidase in higher plants: More than a simple antioxidant enzyme

Redox Biol. 2023 Aug;64:102789. doi: 10.1016/j.redox.2023.102789. Epub 2023 Jun 16.


As plants are sessile organisms, they are inevitably exposed to a variety of environmental stimuli that trigger rapid changes in the generation and disposal of reactive oxygen species such as hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). A major H2O2 scavenging system in plant cells is the ascorbate-glutathione cycle, in which ascorbate peroxidase (APX) catalyzes the conversion of H2O2 into water employing ascorbate as specific electron donor. In higher plants, distinct APX isoforms can occur in multiple subcellular compartments, including chloroplasts, mitochondria, and peroxisomes and the cytosol, to modulate organellar and cellular levels of H2O2. It is well established that APX plays crucial roles in protecting plant cells against diverse environmental stresses, as well as in plant growth and development. Apart from ascorbate, recently, APXs have been found to have a broader substrate specificity and possess chaperone activity, hence participating various biological processes. In this review, we describe the antioxidant properties of APXs and highlight their novel roles beyond 'ascorbate peroxidases'.

Keywords: APX; Antioxidant activity; Chaperone; H(2)O(2); Substrate.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Antioxidants*
  • Ascorbate Peroxidases / chemistry
  • Ascorbic Acid
  • Hydrogen Peroxide*
  • Peroxidases
  • Plants


  • Antioxidants
  • Ascorbate Peroxidases
  • Hydrogen Peroxide
  • Ascorbic Acid
  • Peroxidases