Elsberg syndrome: a neurologic basis for acute urinary retention in patients with genital herpes

Obstet Gynecol. 1986 Sep;68(3 Suppl):37S-39S.


Three patients with genital herpes simplex type II primoinfection and acute urinary retention are described. All patients showed pleocytosis of the cerebrospinal fluid, substantiating central nervous involvement. The association of genital herpes and sacral (myelo-) radiculitis has gained little attention in gynecologic literature, yet it is not an uncommon finding in female patients suffering from herpes. The present report emphasizes the importance of urinary symptoms in genital herpes and reviews the literature on similar cases.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cauda Equina*
  • Female
  • Herpes Genitalis / cerebrospinal fluid
  • Herpes Genitalis / complications*
  • Humans
  • Leukocyte Count
  • Pain / etiology
  • Polyradiculopathy / cerebrospinal fluid
  • Polyradiculopathy / complications*
  • Polyradiculopathy / etiology
  • Urinary Catheterization
  • Urinary Incontinence / etiology
  • Urination Disorders / cerebrospinal fluid
  • Urination Disorders / etiology*