The Impact of the Built Environment and Social Environment on Physical Activity: A Scoping Review

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2023 Jun 20;20(12):6189. doi: 10.3390/ijerph20126189.


This scoping review aims to provide an overview of the current state of physical activity research, focusing on the interplay between built and social environments and their respective influences on physical activity. We comprehensively searched electronic databases to identify relevant studies published between 2000 and 2022. A total of 35 articles have been reviewed based on the research question. The review found that built and social environments influence physical activity, and consideration of people's perceptions of their surroundings can provide further insight. The literature was summarized, and recommendations were made for future research. Findings suggest that interventions targeting built and social environments can promote physical activity effectively. However, limitations in the literature exist, including a need for more standardization in research methods and consistency in measurement tools.

Keywords: built environment; physical activity; social environment.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Built Environment*
  • Data Management
  • Databases, Factual
  • Environment Design
  • Exercise*
  • Humans
  • Residence Characteristics
  • Social Environment

Grants and funding

This research received no external funding.