Projected clinical benefits of dapagliflozin in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction

Future Cardiol. 2023 May;19(6):333-342. doi: 10.2217/fca-2023-0015. Epub 2023 Jun 29.


Aims: To address the projected clinical benefits of dapagliflozin among patients with heart failure (HF) with mildly reduced ejection fraction (HFmrEF) and preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Methods: A multicenter, prospective, cohort study of patients ≥50 years admitted with HF to Spanish internal medicine departments. The projected clinical benefits of dapagliflozin were calculated from the DELIVER trial. Results: A total of 4049 patients were included; 3271 (80.8%) were eligible for dapagliflozin treatment, according to DELIVER criteria. Within 1 year after discharge, 22.2% were rehospitalized for HF and 21.6% died. Implementation of dapagliflozin would translate into an absolute risk reduction of 1.3% for mortality and 5.1% for HF readmission. Conclusion: HF patients with preserved or mildly reduced ejection fraction have a high risk of events. The use of dapagliflozin could substantially reduce the HF burden.

Keywords: SGLT2 inhibitors; dapagliflozin; heart failure with mildly reduced ejection fraction; heart failure with preserved ejection fraction.

Plain language summary

Heart failure (HF) with preserved ejection fraction is frequent in clinical practice, particularly in the elderly. In HF with preserved ejection fraction, the heart still pumps a similar proportion of blood, but the heart muscle has become thicker. This means there is less space inside the heart to fill with blood, so too little is pumped out each time. Until very recently, no drugs had been shown to provide significant benefits on the outcome of the condition or the chance of recovery for these patients. Fortunately, recent clinical trials have demonstrated that treatment with drugs called SGLT2 inhibitors (e.g., dapagliflozin) could reduce the chance of being admitted to hospital or dying from HF. We investigated the benefits for patients who took dapagliflozin after being admitted to hospital and had HF with mildly reduced or preserved ejection fraction. We saw substantial benefits in this population.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cohort Studies
  • Heart Failure* / drug therapy
  • Humans
  • Prospective Studies
  • Stroke Volume


  • dapagliflozin