WAVE-based intensified perfusion cell culture for fast process development

Biotechnol Lett. 2023 Sep;45(9):1117-1131. doi: 10.1007/s10529-023-03405-8. Epub 2023 Jun 29.


Objective: This study was to evaluate the feasibility of using a rocking type bioreactor system, specifically the WAVE 25, in an intensified perfusion culture (IPC) mode for monoclonal antibody (mAb) production in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell line.

Methods: A disposable perfusion bag with floating membrane was used in the IPC process. An automated filter switching system was employed to continuously clarify the harvested post-membrane culture fluid. The overall cell culture performance, product titer, and quality were compared to those of a typical IPC conducted in a bench-top glass bioreactor.

Results: The results showed that the overall trends of cell culture performance, product titer (accumulated harvest volumetric titer) were similar to those of the typical IPC conducted in the glass bioreactor, while the purity related quality were slightly better than the typical run. Furthermore, with the automated filter switching system, the harvested post-membrane culture fluid could be continuously clarified, making it suitable for downstream continuous chromatography.

Conclusion: The study demonstrated the feasibility of using the WAVE-based rocking type bioreactor in the N stage IPC process, which increases the flexibility in adopting IPC process. The results suggest that the rocking type bioreactor system could be a viable alternative to traditional stirred tank bioreactors for perfusion culture in the biopharmaceutical industry.

Keywords: CHO cells; Cell culture; Intensified perfusion; Monoclonal antibody (mAb); Wave perfusion.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / metabolism
  • Bioreactors*
  • CHO Cells
  • Cell Culture Techniques* / methods
  • Cricetinae
  • Cricetulus
  • Perfusion / methods


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal