Congenital hydronephrosis can be classified and managed based on the Urinary Tract Dilation consensus scoring system. Ureteropelvic junction obstruction is one of the most common causes of hydronephrosis in the pediatric population. Although most cases can be managed conservatively with follow-up and serial imaging, some patients need surgical repair because of renal function deterioration, infections, or symptoms. Additional research to create predictive algorithms or develop noninvasive biomarkers for renal deterioration is necessary to better identify surgical candidates. The robotic-assisted approach for pyeloplasty is becoming increasingly widespread and associated with shorter hospital stay, high success rates, and low complication rates.
Keywords: Hydronephrosis; Pyeloplasty; Robotic surgery; Ureteropelvic junction obstruction.
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