Patient Demographic Factors Are Not Associated With Mesenchymal Stromal Cell Concentration in Bone Marrow Aspirate Concentrate

Arthrosc Sports Med Rehabil. 2023 Apr 19;5(3):e559-e567. doi: 10.1016/j.asmr.2023.02.008. eCollection 2023 Jun.


Purpose: To describe the capacity for concentration of a single processing machine for bone marrow aspirate concentrate (BMAC) production and investigate the effects of demographic factors on the number of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) in BMAC.

Methods: Patients enrolled in our institution's randomized control trials involving BMAC who had complete BMAC flow cytometry data were included. Multipotent MSC phenotype, defined as cell-surface coexpression of specific-identifying antigens (≥95% positive) and the absence of hematopoietic lineage markers (≤2% positive), was determined for both patient bone marrow aspirate (BMA) and BMAC samples. The ratio of cells in BMA:BMAC samples was calculated and Spearman correlations (i.e., body mass index [BMI]) and Kruskall-Wallis (i.e., age: <40, 40-60, >60 years) or Mann-Whitney (i.e., sex) tests were used to determine the relationship of cell concentration to demographic factors.

Results: Eighty patients were included in analysis (49% male, mean age: 49.9 ± 12.2 years). Mean concentration of BMA and BMAC was 2,048.13 ± 2,004.14 MSCs/mL and 5,618.87 ± 7,568.54 MSC/mL, respectively, with a mean BMAC:BMA ratio of 4.35 ± 2.09. A significantly greater MSC concentration was observed in the BMAC samples when compared with BMA (P = .005). No patient demographic factors (age, sex, height, weight, BMI) were found to predict MSC concentration in the BMAC samples (P ≥ .01).

Conclusions: Demographic factors, including age, sex, and BMI do not impact the final concentration of MSCs in BMAC when using a single harvest technique (anterior iliac crest) and a single processing system.

Clinical relevance: As the role of BMAC therapy expands in clinical application, it becomes increasingly important to understand the determinants of BMAC composition and how it is affected by different harvesting techniques, concentrating processes, and patient demographics.