Formation and distribution of neural crest mesenchyme to the first pharyngeal arch region of the mouse embryo

Am J Anat. 1986 Jun;176(2):221-31. doi: 10.1002/aja.1001760210.


Murine neural crest mesenchyme begins its escape from columnar epithelium near the tips of the midbrain-rostral hindbrain neural folds at 4+ to 5 somites of age. At that time the tip of each fold is located dorsolateral to the pharynx. Once crest formation is complete at this earliest site, it leaves behind both crest mesenchyme and overlying squamous epithelium. Crest formation then progresses medially, into the lateral margin of the neural plate. At the same time, this lateral margin elevates as the tip of the neural fold. By the time crest formation ceases at approximately 10 somites, the result of these simultaneous activities is to passively distribute the earliest mesenchyme, formed from the lateralmost epithelium, dorsolateral to the pharynx and the later, more medially derived mesenchyme lateral to the neural tube. Once formed, the crest mesenchyme dorsolateral to the pharynx is displaced ventromedially in a narrow, transient subectodermal space functionally similar to that observed in the chick embryo. Displacement might result from cell motility or the formation of matrix-filled spaces between cells of the mesenchyme. Displaced cells are closely associated with the overlying columnar epithelium. This association precedes their subsequent induction and may reflect preliminary patterning. The crest mesenchyme passively distributed lateral to the neural tube is subsequently displaced medially. Here the formation of enlarged (matrix-filled?) spaces is clearly involved in the initial displacement. Displaced cells proliferate to form the anlage of the trigeminal ganglion. The other major contributor to this ganglion is the trigeminal placode. The placodal epithelium is located dorsolateral to the pharynx of the 12-somite embryo. If the epithelia of the head maintain their relative positions, this placode is derived from the squamous epithelium formed together with the earliest crest mesenchyme. If not, an alternative source is the columnar epithelium located ventromedial to the tip of the 4+- to 5-somite neural fold.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Connective Tissue / embryology*
  • Embryo, Mammalian / anatomy & histology
  • Embryo, Mammalian / physiology*
  • Mice / embryology
  • Neural Crest / anatomy & histology
  • Neural Crest / physiology*
  • Pharynx / embryology*