Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune and inflammatory disease that is so far incurable with long-term health risks. The high doses and frequent administration for the available RA drug always lead to adverse side effects. Aiming at the obstacles to achieving effective RA treatment, we prepared macrophage cell membrane-camouflaged nanoparticles (M-EC), which were assembled from epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) and cerium(IV) ions. Due to its geometrical similarity to the active metal sites of a natural antioxidant enzyme, the EC possessed a high scavenge efficiency to various types of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS). The macrophage cell membrane assisted M-EC in escaping from the immune system, being uptaken by inflammatory cells, and specifically binding IL-1β. After tail vein injection to the collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) mouse model, the M-EC accumulated at inflamed joints and effectively repaired the bone erosion and cartilage damage of rheumatoid arthritis by relieving synovial inflammation and cartilage erosion. It is expected that the M-EC can not only pave a new way for designing metal-phenolic networks with better biological activity but also provide a more biocompatible therapeutic strategy for effective treatment of RA.
Keywords: RNS; ROS; macrophage cell membrane; metal−phenolic networks; rheumatoid arthritis.