Medial Plantar Artery Perforator Kiss Flap for Salvage of Extensive Palmar Skin Defect

Plast Reconstr Surg. 2023 Jul 4. doi: 10.1097/PRS.0000000000010909. Online ahead of print.


Background: Flaps based on the medial plantar artery (MPA) accomplish favorable surgical outcomes in palmar resurfacing due to its outstanding texture, pliability and contour, but primary closure could not be achieved at the donor site when the flap was designed to be relatively large. In this study, the kiss technique was employed for the reconstruction of extensive palmar defects which minimized donor site morbidity.

Methods: A modified flap surgical strategy was systemically developed based on the perforator distribution of the MPA through our cadaver study. Two or three narrow small skin paddles based on MPA were raised and resembled at the recipient site as a larger flap. S-2PD, hypersensitivity and ROM, QuickDASH, gait and patient satisfaction were evaluated 6 months to 12 months postoperation.

Results: From June 2015 to July 2021, 20 cases of reconstruction using the medial plantar artery perforator (MPAP) kiss flap were performed for the resurfacing of palmar skin defects. All flaps survived uneventfully with coverage matching the texture and color of the recipients except one flap that exhibited venous congestion and recovered after revision. 12 flaps (60 percent) were double-paddled and 8 flaps (40%) were triple-paddled with a resurfacing area of 27.19cm 2 and 41.1cm 2 respectively. All donor sites achieved primary closure without major complications.

Conclusions: Versatile kiss flap combinations were developed based on further understanding of the MPA system. Durable and pliable characters of the MPAP flap provide excellent reconstruction for extensive palmar defects while minimizing donor site complications.

Clinical question/level of evidence: Therapeutic, IV.