Analysis of clinical characteristics of thyroid phenotype in Pendred syndrome based on multiple databases

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2023 Jun;27(12):5390-5396. doi: 10.26355/eurrev_202306_32773.


Objective: This study aimed to provide statistical data support for the development of thyroid phenotype-related follow-up and reference for follow-up duration and project selection by analyzing the clinical characteristics of thyroid phenotype in Pendred syndrome (PDS) based on multiple databases.

Materials and methods: PDS-related pathogenic or possibly/pathogenic mutations were searched by Deafness Variation Database (DVD), ClinVar, and PubMed databases, the mutation sites were counted and the characteristics and thyroid phenotypes were analyzed.

Results: The median age of hearing phenotype onset in PDS cases reported in multiple databases was 1.0 (1.0, 2.0) years, the median age of thyroid phenotype onset was 14.5 (5.8, 21.0) years, and the median age that thyroid phenotype was more delayed than hearing phenotype was 10.0 (4.0, 17.0) years. There were significant differences in the distribution of onset time between the two phenotypes (Z=-4.560, p<0.01). In these patients, the positive rates of goiter, thyroid nodules, abnormal thyroid function, and perchlorate discharge test (PDT) were 78%, 78%, 69%, and 78%, respectively. Moreover, the number of thyroid phenotype-positive items in the genotype group with frameshift mutation was not significantly higher than that in the group without frameshift mutation (Z=-1.452, p=0.147).

Conclusions: The early missed diagnosis of PDS may be due to the late onset of thyroid phenotype and the non-100% positive rate of examination items. Therefore, multi-item follow-up of the thyroid gland into adulthood will benefit patients. At present, the relationship between genotype and phenotype is still unclear, and prognosis cannot be determined according to genotype.

MeSH terms

  • Goiter, Nodular* / diagnosis
  • Goiter, Nodular* / genetics
  • Goiter, Nodular* / pathology
  • Hearing Loss, Sensorineural* / genetics
  • Humans
  • Membrane Transport Proteins / genetics
  • Phenotype


  • Membrane Transport Proteins

Supplementary concepts

  • Pendred syndrome