Neuropsychologic outcome at one-month postinjury

Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1986 Aug;67(8):507-13.


Neuropsychologic outcome at one-month postinjury was investigated in a group of 102 adult patients with head injury representing a broad spectrum of severity. A group of friends of the patients with head injury was selected for comparison purposes. A comprehensive battery of measures assessing various abilities determined the adequacy of neuropsychological functions. Results support the following conclusions: head injury is associated with early deficits observable on measures assessing a broad spectrum of functions, ranging from simple to complex and motoric to abstraction skills; use of appropriate control groups is essential for determining head injury related deficits; the degree of neuropsychologic deficits depends on the severity of head injury; and the severity indices of time to following commands and depth of coma relate more closely and systematically to adequacy of one-month neuropsychologic outcome than does retrospectively assessed posttraumatic amnesia.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Amnesia / psychology
  • Attention
  • Brain Injuries / complications
  • Brain Injuries / psychology*
  • Coma / psychology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intelligence
  • Male
  • Memory
  • Middle Aged
  • Neuropsychological Tests*
  • Psychomotor Performance
  • Time Factors