Contributions of CenteringPregnancy to women's health behaviours, health literacy, and health care use in the Netherlands

Prev Med Rep. 2023 May 24;35:102244. doi: 10.1016/j.pmedr.2023.102244. eCollection 2023 Oct.


The objective of this study was to assess the effects of CenteringPregnancy (CP) in the Netherlands on different health outcomes. A stepped wedged cluster randomized trial was used, including 2132 women of approximately 12 weeks of gestation, from thirteen primary care midwifery centres in and around Leiden, Netherlands. Data collection was done through self-administered questionnaires. Multilevel intention-to-treat analysis and propensity score matching for the entire group and separately for nulliparous- and multiparous women were employed. The main outcomes were: health behaviour, health literacy, psychological outcomes, health care use, and satisfaction with care. Women's participation in CP is associated with lower alcohol consumption after birth (OR = 0.59, 95 %CI 0.42-0.84), greater consistency with norms for healthy eating and physical activity (β = 0.19, 95 %CI 0.02-0.37), and higher knowledge about pregnancy (β = 0.05, 95 %CI 0.01-0.08). Compared to the control group, nulliparous women who participating in CP reported better compliance to the norm for healthy eating and physical activity (β = 0.28, 95 %CI0.06-0.51)) and multiparous CP participants consumed less alcohol after giving birth (OR = 0.42, 95 %CI 0.23-0.78). Health care use and satisfaction rates were significantly higher among CP participants. A non-significant trend toward lower smoking rates was documented among CP participants. Overall, the results of this study reveal a positive (postpartum) impact on fostering healthy behaviours among participants.

Keywords: CenteringPregnancy; Group antenatal care; Perinatal health; Pregnancy; Propensity score.