Perceptions of patent and proprietary medicine vendors and communities of the tiered accreditation programme for family planning services in Lagos and Kaduna states, Nigeria

Glob Public Health. 2023 Jan;18(1):2230488. doi: 10.1080/17441692.2023.2230488.


This study evaluated the perception of patent and proprietary medicine vendors (PPMVs) of the accreditation programme to improve their capacity to provide family planning (FP) services in Lagos and Kaduna, Nigeria. A cross-sectional mixed-method approach among 224 PPMVs was used to investigate their perception, willingness to pay for and adhere to the programme, its benefits, and the community women's perception of the value of PPMVs. Chi-square analysis and structural equation modelling (SEM) were used to analyse survey data, while focus group discussions (FGDs) were analysed using the grounded theory. PPMVs were enthusiastic because of the benefits, including increased clientele, revenue, and improved service provision capacity. Approximately 97% of PPMVs found the programme acceptable and were willing to pay, with 56% and 71% willing to pay between N5000-N14900 ($12-36) and N25000-N35000 ($60-87), respectively. A significant relationship between educational attainment, location, and willingness to pay was revealed. Among community women, the fear of side effects, lack of partners' support, myths and misconceptions, and lack of access to modern contraceptives were factors affecting contraceptive uptake. The capacity of PPMVs to improve FP uptake is promising and can be leveraged to improve health outcomes in communities while strengthening their businesses.

Keywords: Accreditation programme; Nigeria; community women; family planning; patent and proprietary medicine vendors; perception.

MeSH terms

  • Contraception Behavior
  • Contraceptive Agents
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Family Planning Services*
  • Female
  • Focus Groups
  • Humans
  • Nigeria
  • Nonprescription Drugs*


  • Nonprescription Drugs
  • Contraceptive Agents