Pasture Minerals for Dairy Cattle

Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract. 2023 Nov;39(3):439-458. doi: 10.1016/j.cvfa.2023.05.003. Epub 2023 Jul 6.


While mineral requirements do not differ with the production systems, the forage bases of the different dairy production systems influence the risk of mineral deficiency. Testing representative pastures on a farm is a key to understanding the potential for risk of mineral deficiency and should be combined with blood or tissue samples, clinical observation, and responses to treatment to evaluate the need for supplementation.

Keywords: Crops; Forage; Micromineral; Minerals; Pastures; Trace elements.

Publication types

  • Review