Infantile botulism is an uncommon diagnosis and rarer still in the neonatal period. We describe three cases of neonatal-onset botulism that presented with symptoms typically (hypotonia, constipation, facial diplegia) or atypically seen in older infants (encephalopathy, seizures, and hypothermia). Our series shows a wider spectrum of clinical presentations in patients with neonatal-onset botulism. Our report also suggests that neonatal-onset botulism should be considered more broadly in the hypotonic infant, especially as the condition is treatable with intravenous botulinum-specific immune globulin.
Keywords: Botulinum toxin; Botulism; Neonatal; Neuromuscular; Respiratory distress.
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