Artificial intelligence in the neonatal intensive care unit: the time is now

J Perinatol. 2024 Jan;44(1):131-135. doi: 10.1038/s41372-023-01719-z. Epub 2023 Jul 13.


Artificial intelligence (AI) has the potential to revolutionize the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) care by leveraging the large-scale, high-dimensional data that are generated by NICU patients. There is an emerging recognition that the confluence of technological progress, commercialization pathways, and rich data sets provides a unique opportunity for AI to make a lasting impact on the NICU. In this perspective article, we discuss four broad categories of AI applications in the NICU: imaging interpretation, prediction modeling of electronic health record data, integration of real-time monitoring data, and documentation and billing. By enhancing decision-making, streamlining processes, and improving patient outcomes, AI holds the potential to transform the quality of care for vulnerable newborns, making the excitement surrounding AI advancements well-founded and the potential for significant positive change stronger than ever before.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Artificial Intelligence*
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Intensive Care Units, Neonatal*