Medication compliance in children with asthma

J Asthma. 1986;23(2):49-59. doi: 10.3109/02770908609077475.


The aim of the study was to determine whether self-management skills, when taught to asthmatic children and their parents, would improve medication compliance. The latter was assessed by a variety of procedures including serum theophylline levels, pill counts by parents, and self-monitoring measures. Results indicated a group receiving self-management training showed no greater gains in medication compliance, self-concept, or health locus of control than did a self-monitoring-only group. However, children in the former group became more responsible for initiating appropriate treatment for their attacks than did youngsters in the latter group.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Asthma / drug therapy*
  • Asthma / psychology
  • Child
  • Humans
  • Internal-External Control
  • Patient Compliance*
  • Self Concept
  • Theophylline / blood
  • Theophylline / therapeutic use


  • Theophylline