Purpose: SIBP04 is a bevacizumab biosimilar, and bevacizumab combined with carboplatin and paclitaxel in advanced non-squamous non-small-cell lung cancer (nsqNSCLC) has been recommended as the first-line treatment choice. However, the efforts of bevacizumab combined with carboplatin and paclitaxel for nsqNSCLC patients with EGFR mutation remained unclear. Here we report an EGFR mutation subgroup analysis of a prospective, randomized phase III clinical trial (NCT05318443).
Methods: In this randomized, double-blind, multi-center, parallel controlled, phase III clinical trial, locally advanced, metastatic NSCLC patients were enrolled, and EGFR expression was examined and considered as a stratification factor. All patients received 4 to 6 cycles of paclitaxel and carboplatin plus SIBP04 or bevacizumab 15 mg/kg intravenously followed by SIBP04 15 mg/kg maintenance until intolerable toxicity, disease progression or death. Patients with EGFR mutation and wild-type were assessed for progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS).
Results: EGFR expression was examined in 398 NSCLC patients (142 with EGFR mutation, 256 with EGFR wild type). PFS in EGFR mutation patients was significantly longer than EGFR wild-type patients (10.91 vs. 7.82 months; HR = 0.692, 95% CI 0.519-0.921, P = 0.011). The median OS in patients with EGFR mutation was not reached while that of EGFR wild-type group was 17.54 months (HR = 0.398, 95% CI 0.275-0.575, P < 0.001). However, there were no significant differences in objective response rate (61.97% vs. 55.86%, P = 0.237) or disease control rate (90.14% vs. 89.84%, P = 0.925).
Conclusion: Bevacizumab combined with chemotherapy significantly prolonged the PFS and OS of advanced nsqNSCLC patients with EGFR mutation.
Keywords: Angiogenesis; Bevacizumab; Epidermal growth factor receptor; Non-squamous non-small-cell lung cancer; Vascular endothelial growth factor.
© 2023. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.