mRNA vaccines against respiratory viruses

Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2023 Oct 1;36(5):385-393. doi: 10.1097/QCO.0000000000000948. Epub 2023 Jul 18.


Purpose of review: The successes of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) mRNA vaccines have accelerated the development of mRNA vaccines against other respiratory pathogens. The aim of this review is to highlight COVID-19 mRNA vaccine advances and provide an update on the progress of mRNA vaccine development against other respiratory pathogens.

Recent findings: The COVID-19 mRNA vaccines demonstrated effectiveness in preventing severe COVID-19 and death. H7N9 and H10N8 avian influenza mRNA vaccines have demonstrated safety and immunogenicity in phase 1 clinical trials. Numerous seasonal influenza mRNA vaccines are in phase 1-3 clinical trials. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) mRNA vaccines have progressed to phase 2-3 clinical trials in adults and a phase 1 clinical trial in children. A combined human metapneumovirus and parainfluenza-3 mRNA vaccines was found to be well tolerated and immunogenic in a phase 1 trial among adults and trials are being conducted among children. Clinical trials of mRNA vaccines combining antigens from multiple respiratory viruses are underway.

Summary: The development of mRNA vaccines against respiratory viruses has progressed rapidly in recent years. Promising vaccine candidates are moving through the clinical development pathway to test their efficacy in preventing disease against respiratory viral pathogens.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Viral
  • COVID-19 Vaccines
  • COVID-19* / prevention & control
  • Child
  • Humans
  • Influenza A Virus, H7N9 Subtype*
  • Influenza Vaccines*
  • Influenza in Birds*
  • Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections* / prevention & control
  • Respiratory Syncytial Virus Vaccines* / genetics


  • COVID-19 Vaccines
  • Antibodies, Viral
  • Influenza Vaccines
  • Respiratory Syncytial Virus Vaccines