Satisfaction with social support during crisis: intimacy and self-esteem as critical determinants

J Pers Soc Psychol. 1986 Aug;51(2):296-304. doi: 10.1037//0022-3514.51.2.296.


Satisfaction with social support was studied longitudinally in a group of 113 Israeli women following the outcome of both normal and medically complicated pregnancies. Greater intimacy with spouse and with friends were found to be related to greater satisfaction with support received during this crisis period. Intimate ties contributed to satisfaction with support independent of self-esteem, social network parameters, and type of pregnancy outcome. Social network parameters and pregnancy outcome were not found to be related to satisfaction with support. Among women low in self-esteem, greater intimacy with family was found to be related to lower satisfaction with support if the women lacked intimate ties with spouse or a friend. The findings were discussed in light of clinical and social psychological theories regarding reaction to aid.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Environment
  • Family
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Interpersonal Relations
  • Life Change Events*
  • Models, Psychological
  • Personal Satisfaction
  • Pregnancy Complications / psychology*
  • Pregnancy*
  • Self Concept
  • Social Environment*
  • Social Support*