Efficacy and safety of givosiran for acute hepatic porphyria: Final results of the randomized phase III ENVISION trial

J Hepatol. 2023 Nov;79(5):1150-1158. doi: 10.1016/j.jhep.2023.06.013. Epub 2023 Jul 20.


Background & aims: Acute hepatic porphyria (AHP) is caused by defects in hepatic heme biosynthesis, leading to disabling acute neurovisceral attacks and chronic symptoms. In ENVISION (NCT03338816), givosiran treatment for 6 months reduced attacks and other disease manifestations compared with placebo. Herein, we report data from the 36-month final analysis of ENVISION.

Methods: Ninety-four patients with AHP (age ≥12 years) and recurrent attacks were randomized 1:1 to monthly double-blind subcutaneous givosiran 2.5 mg/kg (n = 48) or placebo (n = 46) for 6 months. In the open-label extension (OLE) period, 93 patients received givosiran 2.5 or 1.25 mg/kg for 6 months or more before transitioning to 2.5 mg/kg. Endpoints were exploratory unless otherwise noted.

Results: During givosiran treatment, the median annualized attack rate (AAR) was 0.4. Through Month 36, annualized days of hemin use remained low in the continuous givosiran group (median, 0.0 to 0.4) and decreased in the placebo crossover group (16.2 to 0.4). At end of OLE, in the continuous givosiran and placebo crossover groups, 86% and 92%, respectively, had 0 attacks. AAR was lower than historical AAR in 98% and 100%, respectively (post hoc analysis), and there were 0 days of hemin use in 88% and 90%, respectively. The 12-item short-form health survey physical and mental component summary scores increased by 8.6 and 8.1, respectively (continuous givosiran) and 9.4 and 3.2, respectively (placebo crossover). EQ-5D health-related questionnaire scores increased by 18.9 (continuous givosiran) and 9.9 (placebo crossover). Lower urinary delta-aminolevulinic acid and porphobilinogen levels were sustained. Safety findings demonstrated a continued positive risk/benefit profile for givosiran.

Conclusions: Long-term monthly givosiran treatment provides sustained and continued improvement in clinical manifestations of AHP.

Gov identifier: NCT03338816.

Eudract number: 2017-002432-17.

Impact and implications: Acute hepatic porphyria (AHP) is a group of rare, chronic, multisystem disorders associated with overproduction and accumulation of neurotoxic heme intermediates (delta-aminolevulinic acid and porphobilinogen), sometimes resulting in recurrent acute attacks and long-term complications. Givosiran, a small-interfering RNA that prevents accumulation of delta-aminolevulinic acid and porphobilinogen, is approved for the treatment of AHP. These final 36-month results of ENVISION, a phase III study of givosiran in patients with AHP and recurrent attacks, show that long-term monthly treatment with givosiran leads to continuous and sustained reductions in annualized attack rate and use of hemin over time, as well as improved quality of life, with an acceptable safety profile. These results are important for physicians, patients, families, and caregivers who are grappling with this debilitating and potentially life-threatening disease with few effective and tolerable treatment options.

Keywords: acute intermittent porphyria; health-related quality of life; opioid.

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT03338816