Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is a rare and aggressive form of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Instead of cytotoxic chemotherapy, a combination of all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) and arsenic trioxide (ATO) represents front-line therapy in low-risk patients. However, the therapeutic approach could be challenging in the case of a concomitant diagnosis of Brugada syndrome (BrS), a genetic disease characterized by an increased risk of arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death. Here, we present the case of a BrS patient who has been diagnosed with low-risk APL and treated with ATRA and ATO without observing arrhythmic events. In particular, we highlight the difficulties encountered by clinicians during the diagnostic work-up and the choice of the best treatment for these patients.
Keywords: Brugada syndrome; acute promyelocytic leukemia; all-trans-retinoic acid; arsenic; sudden death.