Shallow suture at ventricular septal defect may safely reduce right bundle branch block

Cardiol Young. 2023 Nov;33(11):2157-2163. doi: 10.1017/S1047951123002470. Epub 2023 Jul 27.


Background: To avoid rhythm disturbance, sutures for ventricular septal defect closure have been traditionally placed 2∼5 mm or more away from the edge of the ventricular septal defect. However, the traditional suturing method appears to induce right bundle branch block and tricuspid valve regurgitation after ventricular septal defect closure more than our alternative technique, shallow suturing just at the edge of the ventricular septal defect (shallower bites at the postero-inferior margin). We aimed to verify our clinical experience of perimembranous ventricular septal defect repair.

Methods: The alternative shallow suturing method has been applied since 2003 at our institution. We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data of 556 isolated perimembranous ventricular septal defect patients who underwent surgical closure from 2000 to 2019. We investigated the postoperative occurrence of right bundle branch block or progression of tricuspid regurgitation and analysed risk factors for right bundle branch block and tricuspid regurgitation.

Results: Traditional suturing method (Group T) was used in 374 cases (66.8%), and alternative suturing method (Group A) was used in 186 cases (33.2%). The right bundle branch block occurred more frequently in Group T (39.6%) than in Group A (14.9%). In multivariable logistic regression analysis, Group T and patch material were significant risk factors for late right bundle branch block. More patients with progression of tricuspid regurgitation were found in Group T.

Conclusions: Shallow suturing just at the edge of the ventricular septal defect may reduce the rate of right bundle branch block occurrence and tricuspid regurgitation progression without other complications.

Keywords: Ventricular septal defect; postoperative complication; rhythm disturbance; surgical technique.

MeSH terms

  • Bundle-Branch Block / etiology
  • Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular* / complications
  • Humans
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Sutures / adverse effects
  • Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency* / complications
  • Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency* / surgery